Have you ever wondered how a mosquito, so tiny, can do so much damage?
How does a tiny creature like this leave you with such an annoying, ugly, itchy bite? How did this diminutive pest become the most deadly organism on planet earth? A mosquito, with a perfectly functioning anatomy, is brilliant at getting the nutrition it needs to create generation after generation of mosquitoes. It is a necessary feature for a species that has survived for almost 100 million years.
Watch this fantastic video from the Deep Look YouTube channel. You can see how the mosquito bite works through a microscopic lens.
The Anatomy of a Mosquito Bite
Only female mosquitoes bite humans and other animals. They must have a blood meal to create eggs for reproduction. To effectively get the blood needed, the female mosquito has a sophisticated set of six needle-like appendages.
Inside a protective sheath lies the six needles. Each of the six needle-like appendages has a a needed function for biting and getting the much-needed proteins from blood.
Two have tiny teeth so sharp you can barely feel it as she cuts through the skin.
Two keep the skin apart while she works, like small little forceps.
One of the mosquito’s needles probes through the skin looking for blood. This needle-like appendage has receptors for finding the blood vessel. She uses this same needle like a straw to suck out your blood.
The last of the six needles secretes chemicals into your skin to help your blood flow easily, giving you itchy, ugly welts. This is how mosquito-borne viruses are spread so efficiently. An infected female mosquito makes the perfect vector for disease.
If you are concerned of the possible transmission of mosquito borne illnesses, or just don’t want creature creating annoying bites in your yard, you can look at mosquitosquad.com for tips and advice on how to prevent the spread of mosquitoes on your personal property.
Tick season is here and being aware of the steps you need to take when you are outside will help from being bitten.
Ticks are extremely annoying but their bites can be dangerous to you and your pets. Many people are not aware of the risk several tick borne disease can bring. Some can be debilitating and even fatal and tick populations are on the rise. Ticks are prevalent mostly in the Spring, Summer, and Fall in our area, but the tick season never really goes away with our temperate weather, according to Dr. Sloan Manning with Novant Health Urgent Care & Occupational Medicine.
Lyme Disease is the most common tick borne disease in the United States and is found in ticks in NC, but Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, RMSF, is the most common tick borne disease found here. Between 2008 and 2012 there have been 2000 reported cases of RMSF compared to 1600 reported cases of Lyme Disease. Some studies state that these numbers may be very low as people with mild cases and symptoms of these diseases appear flu like and may go unreported.
Symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Rash is a common sign of RMSF but it is not always recognizable. Here are some of the other symtoms:
Nausea and possible vomiting
Loss of appetite
It takes 2 to 14 days for symptoms to arise. Another interesting fact is that a tick usually has to be attached for several hours to transmit any disease it may be carrying. So being thorough and checking your person and pets after being outdoors is crucial to lowering possible risks from tick bites.
Here are some steps you control to risk exposure to ticks:
Apply Deet containing insect repellent to skin skin.
Wear long pants, long sleeve shirts, socks and boots when doing outdoor activities.
Avoid wooded, grassy or damp areas or places where you might encounter deer or other mammals that may carry ticks.
Take a bath or shower as soon as possible after coming indoors to wash off and more easily find ticks.
Inspect your body using a hand-held or full-length mirror to view all parts of your body, including under the arms, in and around the ears, inside the belly button, behind the knees, between the legs, around the waist and especially in the hair.
Make sure your pets are treated with tick and flea protection.
If you have a home and property that are susceptible to the growing tick populations, talk to the authority in mosquito and tick control at Mosquito Squad. They offer a free quote and can offer a barrier spray plan that will eliminate these nasty creatures from your backyard.
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
With the present Zika Virus epidemics in the world being advanced by the Aedes Aegypti mosquito, scientists are researching to figure out which other mosquito species are capable of carrying and transmitting the virus. The CDC has confirmed that the Aedes Albopictus (Asian Tiger) mosquito is a vector, but there are a great deal more mosquito species still in question. With 28 mosquito species in North Carolina, we may be at greater risk for Zika.
The Zika Virus is an especially dangerous mosquito-borne disease in that it can be transmitted from people to mosquito. Like malaria, this can create a fast spreading epidemic. With world-travel being what it is today all it will take is a few travelers bringing Zika to the U.S. during mosquito season to cause a rapid spread of the disease.
Stay tuned to Mosquito Squad as information is released by governmental agencies, or for protection for your family from these creatures.
What is the biggest killer on earth? Mosquitoes cause one million deaths each year.
According to the World Health Organization, mosquito bites result in the deaths of more than 1 million people every year. The majority of these deaths are due to malaria.
In addition to malaria, mosquitoes carry the West Nile virus, Zika virus, and dengue fever. West Nile is a disease the insects pick up from infected birds. It affects the nervous system and, like malaria, can be very serious in people with lowered immune systems. The virus became prevalent for the first time in the eastern United States around 1999 [source: CDC]. As with malaria, the best way to avoid West Nile is to protect yourself from mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes also carry dengue fever, which causes a rash and extreme muscle and joint pain. It can be fatal if not treated properly. Zika virus is similar to dengue, except that in 2015 it was linked to birth defects.
When you were a kid, you probably remember ticks being ugly and gross. Ticks were a big nuisance, if they attached themselves to you or your pet, but you probably do not remember being scared that they carried a serious, life threatening disease. That is because mostly they didn’t. The reports in the US of tick-borne disease has doubled since 2003 and tripled since 1995. Some of this is due to better science, awareness, and detection. But ticks are spreading. They are becoming more abundant and a much higher percentage of them are carrying diseases and scientists are not exactly sure why.
There are more than 14 different diseases that ticks in the US can carry. While mosquitoes are the most dangerous vectors of disease in the world, ticks are the most significant vectors of infectious diseases in the United States. This is because the United States has been able to eradicate many of the dangerous diseases that mosquitoes carry, but the diseases associated with ticks are becoming a fast growing problem.
All of these diseases have similar flu like symptoms and are frequently associated with a rash. Many times, though, a rash is not present and the disease goes undiagnosed because the person infected thinks they just have a bad cold or the flu. It is not until these symptoms persist and worsen that the infected individual seeks professional medical help.
Pets, too, can suffer from the dangers that come with a tick bite. Many of the illnesses that ticks can bring to humans also effect our four legged friends as well.
These are diseases can be just as serious and life threatening to our pets as they are to humans. There are some steps you can take at home and business properties to help control the tick population. Mosquito Squad call these tips the 6C’s:
Clean out yard debris
Clean leaf litter
Choose plants that deer hate
Check tick hiding places
Care for pets with tick collars
Call the pros for barrier treatments that offer tick control
Having an authority like Mosquito Squad come and treat your property to eliminate ticks helps to remove that worry of disease these nasty pests can bring. Call Mosquito Squad at 336.617.5268 for questions and information about our tick control services.
Looking for an awesome gift for the Holidays? Want something that will get the entire family together, provide outdoor fun, and make entertaining a blast? Look no further than a summer of mosquito, tick and flea control from Mosquito Squad. With one call to Mosquito Squad, and our crack team of technicians (think of them as summer elves) will eliminate mosquitoes from your home or business.
Think of all the good summer fun…kids enjoying the backyard, reading your favorite book outside, and hosting your friends around the grill.
Give us a call today to secure the best values of the season, and receive a stocking-suffer, gift certificate—proof there is a Santa Clause.
We have just had 8" of snow here in the Triad and the temperatures have been in the single digits. People every winter ask us why, when temperatures get very cold and the ground freezes, doesn’t this extreme cold eliminate all the mosquitoes?
The truth is is that only severe cold, for long sustained periods of time will kill all mosquitoes and their eggs. North Carolina is too far South to keep the daily high daily temperatures below freezing for more than just a couple of days.
Mosquito in the Snow
To deal with the cold that will kill an adult mosquito, female mosquitoes lay their drought-resistant eggs in protected areas. The eggs are resistant to the cold and being frozen. They lie in wait for extended daylight, warmer temperatures, and the presence of standing water that will come with the thaw of Spring temperatures.
Adults can survive the winter, too, in the right situations. The northern house mosquito uses a hibernation system known as diapause . After fall mating, females consume nectar (instead of blood) to build reserves of fat. This will keep them through the winter months They look for basements or eaves of buildings, sewers, logs, or holes in the ground. Place that will not completely freeze, in which to keep themselves protected in the winter.
So when the weather warms in the Spring, take these steps to control mosquitoes in your backyard. 5T’s from Mosquito Squad
Tip the water from standing pots.
Toss out trash and leaves that create moist spots.
Tarps need to be tight over firewood or boats.
Turn over toys, canoes, or items.
Treat your backyard, if these other measures fail to control these itchy, and nasty pests.
For advice or questions on how to control mosquitoes, ticks and fleas on your home or business property. Call Mosquito Squad at 336.617.5268 – the authority in providing a bite free outdoor environment.
Mosquitoes bring nasty and sometimes dangerous
infections with them. The little biters are found in
every state in the US, from Alaska to Florida.
Worldwide, they thrive in every climate whether
hot or cold. Their infections involve either viruses
or parasites. In North Carolina, mosquito viruses affect us and our pets.
Pets are impacted by parasites that can cause heartworm.
West Nile Virus (WNV) is the mosquito virus we’ve heard the most about
in our area. It is transmitted to mosquitoes from infected birds. Once mosquitoes
are found with West Nile in an area, it’s usually just a matter of
time before human cases will begin occurring. Mosquitoes can transmit WNV to horses also. About 20% of us who are infected with WNV will
develop symptoms such as fever, headaches, body aches, joint pain and
diarrhea. Of the 20% with symptoms, the virus will be lethal for 10%,
or one in 1,500.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis, or EEE, is a disease more common to horses.
A vaccine is available for horses, but unfortunately, not for humans. Although
humans rarely contract EEE, it does sometimes occur. When contracted,
1 in 3 people will die from EEE. Fever, headaches, irritability,
restlessness, drowsiness, vomiting, and convulsions are all signs of
an EEE infection.
La Crosse Encephalitis (LCAV) has been reported in North Carolina but
not very often. Symptoms usually occur 5 to 15 days after infection and will
last 2 to 3 days. Symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, and
fatigue. Children under 16 years of age are most at risk for serious
complications but the numbers of cases are rare in our state.
Chikungunya virus has been in the news a lot in 2014 and 2015. The first case in the
Western Hemisphere occurred in the Caribbean, December 2013. There were more than 100,000 cases, including more than 600 in
the US from returning travelers who acquired it outside the US.
identified in africa, chikungunya is now common in southeast asia,
the indian and pacific ocean regions and the caribbean. symptoms
usually begin 3-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
the most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. there is no
vaccine or treatment for chikungunya. symptoms can be severe and
debilitating, nut not necessarily lethal.
Dengue fever and yellow fever have been seen in outbreaks in the us
but are not common and have occurred very infrequently.
since many of these diseases are encephalitis-causing viruses, they share
the symptoms of headache, fever, tiredness and joint pain. if you
experience any of these flu-like symptoms during summer months in nc
and have been outdoors, you should consider the possibility you have
contracted a mosquito-borne infection. in many cases, the symptoms
will subside. if you are over 65 or under 16 years of age, have
hypertension, diabetes, are receiving treatment for another disease,
you should consider contacting your physician to discuss your
The best way to prevent a mosquito-borne infection is to prevent being
bitten. One way you can do that while outdoors in your yard is to use a barrier
spray. Call the authority in mosquito, tick and flea control at Mosquito Squad.
Here at Mosquito Squad, we treat homes for mosquitoes. Living in the Triad of North Carolina, we see many homes that are perfect havens for mosquitoes. This is a list of a few easy tips for controlling your outdoor living space by reducing the places where mosquitoes breed and live.
Turn over the buckets, wagons, and remove toys that can retain standing water—particularly around your pool, garden, and outdoor living places.
Cover all garbage cans with lids that fit snug.
If you have a man made pond, stock your pond with some fish that will eat the mosquito larvae.
Keep trim bushes, shrubs, and vines that touch or overhang your property.
Rake and remove piles of leaves or brush that can collect even small bottle cap size pools of water.
Make sure any tarps on the property are taut, so they cannot collect standing water.
These easy tips can reduce the number of mosquitoes around your property.
Mosquito Squad Can Help You Reduce Mosquitoes.
In the time that you started reading this, another child in Africa has died from Malaria – the disease that’s one of the top 3 killers of children worldwide. These statistics are even harder to fathom given that Malaria has been was completely eradicated in the United States for over 60 years. Mosquito Squad is committed to helping fight Malaria deaths worldwide. At Mosquito Squad of the Triad, we’re fighting the bite in Africa in addition to on the home front here in the Triad NC area. Over the past 3 years, Mosquito Squad’s efforts have saved nearly 100,000 lives and we are committed to continuing and growing our effort. We are committed to a three-year initiative to save 250,000 lives over the next 3 years. Here’s how we’re going to do it. Mosquito Squad of the Triad is committed to supporting Malaria No More – One Child at a Time.
Mosquito Squad is a proud supporter of the Malaria No Moreorganization – an organization committed to fighting Malaria through a couple key solutions::
With just one dollar, Malaria No More can provide a test and treatment process that will successfully diagnose and treat one person for Malaria. The treatment regimen includes the test and a set of 6 pills to cure that person of Malaria. In addition to the diagnosis and the treatment, Malaria No More distributes permethrin-treated bed nets as evening dawn and dusk is the prime mosquito feeding time.
Join us in fighting the mosquito bite both locally and abroad as we proudly support this effort. Locally we can protect you, your family, your pets, and your guests from getting bitten in your yard. Our effective barrier spray creates an invisible barrier around your yard to protect from mosquitoes, ticks and other insects. Our season-long protection program includes treating your property every couple weeks throughout the spring and summer. Mosquito Squad is the authority in outdoor pest control. Utilize us to successfully treat and rid your yard and home of mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Call us today for a free quote. (336) 617 – 5268 or email Triad@MosquitoSquad.com. Visit our Mosquito Squad of the Triad website to learn more about our services.
Your friends probably know to call you when they want to visit and so does your family – well, perhaps, almost all of them! Maybe even today, when your doorbell rings without warning, your first thought is who is at your door. When you have service with Mosquito Squad, you never have to wonder if it is one of our technicians. We will let you know in advance when we are going to come to your door.
Our trucks in the Triad-area always have graphics on them letting you know Mosquito Squad is at your home to provide the service(s) you requested. In addition, our technicians always have logo apparel that identifies them as Mosquito Squad employees.
Customers tell us frequently how well we communicate. We do this by:
Emailing you the day before your scheduled service
We give you a 2 hour window of service time
Leaving a work order at your property when we are finished
Email follow up to make sure everything meets your satisfaction.
Our Triad-area customers appreciate the length we go to in keeping them informed. We think all services to homeowners should be delivered this way. We understand security is a growing concern for everyone. You want us to protect your home and property from mosquitoes. You also want your family and pets protected when we perform this service. We understand. This is why we communicate to you before, during and after our service and why we take extra care to protect people and pets with every treatment.
In addition, all of our work is 100% guaranteed to satisfaction. If you are not completely satisfied with your Mosquito Squad service, contact us for another visit at no additional charge or a refund of any treatments not yet completed.
We are the authority in controlling mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas in order to provide you the best protection from nuisance and diseases they carry. We believe the services we provide are the best in keeping your family and pets safe. That safety involves not only the products we use but also in the manner in which we deliver our products and our services.
Spring brings energy and excitement each year. After being inside all winter, we want to be outdoors doing as many fun things as we can. For brides, this often means planning an Outdoor Reception or perhaps a Garden or Lawn Wedding. Some brides will choose a wedding under a Gazebo or Canopy. It seems more and more spring, summer and autumn celebrations are being held outdoors. Your special celebration may be a milestone anniversary, birthday, graduation celebration or family reunion. Perhaps your celebration is simply a backyard get-together with friends and family. It’s just fun to be outside this time of year.
If you are planning a wedding or special event in the Triad area, it’s important to make a list of invited guests. If your event is outdoors, you also want to make a list of “uninvited guests”. Mosquitoes should be at the top of that list. Whether a home wedding or one held at a stunning locale such as WinMock at Kinderton in Bermuda Run, you want to put on an event where guests will take away only fond memories. You don’t want them remembering how nice it was, except for…”the mosquitoes”.
Events held at The Grandover Resort, The Gardens at Gray Gables, and Bicentennial Garden in Greensboro are all ideal outdoor locations for many special celebrations. However, anywhere an event is held in the Triad area, mosquitoes can be a bothersome. You will want to consider protecting your guests from mosquitoes in the reception and seating areas, as well as when they arrive and leave your special event.
We all know that person who describes himself or herself as a “mosquito magnet”. Mosquitoes seem to find them more often than anyone else at outdoor events. That person may be you, a family member or a dear friend. After your celebration, you want guests remembering the exchange of vows, the dancing, the decorations and other special moments at your event. You don’t want them remembering your special moment every time they scratch a mosquito bite after they leave.
Mosquito Squad will help you provide guests with good memories every time they talk about your special event. Our effective mosquito barrier spray will protect your guests from the time they arrive in the valet or parking area until they leave.
How do we protect guests at the event you have spent so much time and effort planning? Mosquito Squad of the Triad provides barrier protection creating a mosquito free environment within the protected area. It’s like an invisible shield for your special area. You let us know if you want this to include under a tent or pergola. Will you be having your special day in a gazebo or on a deck? Will it be near water? All of these are no problem.
Our event sprays are a single spray application, usually on Thursday or Friday before your weekend event. Weekday events are scheduled a day or two before your event as well. This allows the freshest protection for you and your guests. As with our regular mosquito control service, we email you the day before we spray. We will also call you when we are on our way to spray the event location.
Our professional and trained technicians will apply our effective barrier spray to provide protection everywhere guests will be. Our spray eliminates mosquitoes and prevents them from finding your guests. Our technicians will pay special attention to those areas guests will spend the most time at the party.
You will spend a lot of time and effort making sure everything is just right for your guests at your outdoor wedding or special celebration this spring or summer. Planning your celebration and giving guests good memories that last a lifetime is your goal. Let us help you achieve it.
Dog heartworm is a serious and unfortunately, dangerous disease common in canines.. It is caused by a nematode (roundworm) that belongs to the family Filarii,dae. The worm, discovered in 1856 by the American parasitologist Joseph Leidy, has been given the scientific name Dirofilaria immitis. The adult worms live in the heart and large vessels of the lungs. Adult female Dirofilaria measure from 9 to 16 inches in length. The males are a little more than half as long and are characterized by the cork screw turns of the posterior end often referred to as the “pigtail.”
Both male and female live within the chambers of’ the heart, usually extending through the valves. The worms prohibit proper valve closure as blood is pumped from one chamber to the next, seriously impairing the operation of the heart. In serious infestations the worms travel up the pulmonary artery and clog the blood vessels of the lungs. The results are loss of weight, dropsy, chronic cough, shortness of breath, muscular weakness, disturbances of vision, chronic heart failure, and eventual death.
How does the mosquito carry heartworms?
Adult worms living within the heart produce minute organisms known as microfilariae that circulate in the blood stream. Microfilariae, named because they are microscopic, are actually the larvae of heartworms that are incapable of reaching the adult stage without first passing through a developmental stage in the mosquito.
Mosquitoes feeding upon an infected dog take up a number of these microfilariae with the blood meal. The freshly acquired microfilariae migrate through the digestive tract of the mosquito to the abdominal region where they undergo a transformation. Within 14 to 21 days they reach the infective stage. Then the larvae are actually miniature adults that are small enough to live within a mosquito.
Next, they break into the body cavity of the mosquito and migrate to the mouth parts.The mosquito is now ready for its second blood meal. As the mosquito feeds upon its host, the infective larvae are passed on the skin. These small worms travel into the dog and lodge in the tissue where they remain for months. Worms that enter hosts other than canines generally die within several days.
After they increase in size, the worms leave the tissue and enter the blood stream through the wall of a small vessel. Then they move through the blood stream and lodge into the chambers of the right side of the heart where they develop into adult heartworms. This cycle takesapproximately 9 months. Remember that the microfilariae cannot complete their life cycle without first living in a mosquito. Of the millions of microfilariae that are produced by the adult worms, only a few get a chance to pass through a mosquito. The remainder circulate through the blood of a dog where they eventually die; however, they are continually being replaced with fresh microfilariae supplied by the breeding adults living in the dog’s heart.
How do infected canines react to the disease?
Since symptoms of dog heartworm vary considerably in different animals, a veterinarian is the only person qualified to give a diagnosis. Most dogs show the first visible indications of infection only after the illness has gotten to the point where treatment is no longer possible. Active dogs generally show a tendency to tire easily. Shortness of breath or repeated coughing are the positive signs of heartworms Hunting dogs are often no longer able to maintain the rapid pace of the chase and frequently drop from exhaustion. Jaundice, convulsions, and disturbances of vision may occur in extreme cases. Emaciation often comes before death. All dogs with adult heartworms should show some microfilarial activity in the blood system. A blood test made by a veterinarian is the only way to know for sure whether or not your dog has heartworm disease. Since microfilariae generally appear in the blood within 9 months after an infection occurs, mild cases of the disease can and should be detected and treated long before any symptoms appear.
What can you do?
Protecting dogs from mosquito bites may be necessary in those areas where mosquito populations are numerous. Screening the dog’s sleeping areas is essential to prevent repeated bites. Additionally, you should consider receiving monthly yard treatments from a professional mosquito treatment service. Preventative medication should also be used, especially in areas of known infection.
A periodic blood test is the most secure precaution measure because it will reveal an early infection animal. Because a pet appears healthy is not a reason to believe that it does not have the disease. Your dog could be the carrier responsible for an entire local outbreak.
Purebred, or mix breed, isn’t your dog’s well-being worth protecting it from dangerous, biting, life threatening mosquitoes?